Wheat Production

2011-3-28 | Agriculture |
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Wheat Production hokkaido aomori iwate miyagi akita yamagata fukushima ibaraki tochigi gunma saitama chiba tokyo kanagawa niigata toyama ishikawa fukui yamanashi nagano gifu sizuoka aichi mie shiga kyoto osaka hyogo nara wakayama tottori shimane okayama hiroshima yamaguchi tokushima kagawa ehime kochi fukuoka saga nagasaki kumamoto oita miyazaki kagoshima okinawa
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Ranking on the amount of production of wheat, the self-sufficiency ratio of which is decreasing. The amount of production of four types of wheat (common wheat, six-row barley, two-row barley, naked barley) by prefecture can be found in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries' statistics.

Chugoku-shikoku Regional Agricultural Administration Office Statistics:
Common wheatMost part is used in flour for edible use
Two-row BarleyThere are two rows of kernels on each spike. Used mainly for alcoholic beverages such as beer.
Six-row BarleyThe hull can be removed easily. Used mainly in barley rice and miso.
Naked BarleyThe hull can be removed easily. Used mainly in barley rice and miso.

Japan relies mostly on import for wheat, but the situation differed only several decades ago.

Present Situation of Wheat Production in Japan
Wheat crop acreage was greatest in 1914, with 1,810,000ha. This is close to the 1,790,000ha of area of dry and wet land rice in 1999. On the other hand, wheat crop acreage was smallest in 1973 with 75,000ha. At that time, it was referred to as "euthanasia of domestic wheat."

Before, self-sufficiency ratio was also greater.

National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology:
YearCommon WheatBarleyNaked Barley

There are several factors leading to the drastic decrease in the production of wheat, but the following are given as major factors:
Shift from double-cropping of rice and wheat to single-cropping of rice, due to decrease in agricultural population and increase in farmers with side businesses.
Hesitation towards production of products other than rice, due to the political maintenance of rice price.
Effects of the U.S. common wheat strategy wishing for Japanese consumption of surplus common wheat in its own country.

Although the government has been working towards increase in the production of wheat, the self-sufficiency ratio still remains low.

The amount of production is great in Hokkaido, northern Kanto and northern Kyushu. In northern Kyushu and northern Kanto, wheat is cultivated from autumn to spring as an aftercrop of rice, but in Hokkaido, wheat is cultivated from spring to autumn as the first crop. This is because Hokkaido is climatically suitable for wheat which prefers a cooler climate compared to rice.

Northern Kanto is suitable for cultivating wheat because of its well-drained soil due to the loamy layer in the Kanto Plain, its long hours of sunlight in the wintertime and its mild wintertime chill.

Saga where secondary crops are common, has the greatest rate of use of cultivated land. Wheat is cultivated as the secondary crop in many raice fields. The amount of production per 100 thousand population is greatest in Saga, with 12,000 tons of production per 100 thousand population. This is 14 times the national average and far exceeds other prefectures in northern Kyushu.


RankPrefecturesWheat ProductionStandard
Amount per 100000 Population
SortDesc  AscDesc  AscDesc  AscDesc  Asc
1Saga104,200 ton12,130.38 ton100.44
2Hokkaido549,600 ton9,867.15 ton90.26
3Tochigi52,900 ton2,626.61 ton57.69
4Fukui16,300 ton1,997.55 ton54.86
5Fukuoka89,900 ton1,778.09 ton53.87
6Gunma33,000 ton1,636.91 ton53.24
7Shiga21,400 ton1,532.95 ton52.77
8Kumamoto26,200 ton1,433.26 ton52.32
9Oita14,100 ton1,172.07 ton51.15
10Mie16,300 ton868.87 ton49.78
11Kagawa8,710 ton865.81 ton49.77
12Toyama8,620 ton779.39 ton49.38
13Ibaraki21,900 ton737.62 ton49.19
14Iwate7,450 ton546.19 ton48.33
15Okayama10,100 ton517.15 ton48.20
16Gifu10,400 ton494.30 ton48.10
17Nagasaki7,020 ton483.14 ton48.05
18Ehime6,840 ton471.07 ton47.99
19Nagano9,680 ton444.04 ton47.87
20Miyagi9,040 ton385.17 ton47.61
21Saitama25,900 ton365.30 ton47.52
22Ishikawa3,940 ton336.75 ton47.39
23Aomori4,090 ton290.69 ton47.18
24Shimane1,940 ton265.39 ton47.07
25Aichi19,200 ton260.87 ton47.05
26Yamaguchi2,820 ton191.32 ton46.73
27Hyogo7,000 ton125.25 ton46.44
28Akita765 ton68.24 ton46.18
29Tottori352 ton58.67 ton46.14
30Fukushima1,160 ton56.12 ton46.13
31Shizuoka2,040 ton53.67 ton46.12
32Tokushima390 ton48.75 ton46.09
33Niigata1,140 ton47.40 ton46.09
34Chiba1,660 ton27.22 ton46.00
35Miyazaki277 ton24.23 ton45.98
36Yamagata290 ton24.21 ton45.98
37Kagoshima414 ton23.93 ton45.98
38Nara300 ton21.28 ton45.97
39Yamanashi162 ton18.47 ton45.96
40Kyoto471 ton17.88 ton45.95
41Hiroshima339 ton11.80 ton45.93
42Kochi26 ton3.33 ton45.89
43Kanagawa114 ton1.28 ton45.88
44Okinawa14 ton1.02 ton45.88
45Tokyo64 ton0.50 ton45.88
46Wakayama2 ton0.20 ton45.87
Average1,098,530 ton859.77 ton
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2011-3-28 | Agriculture |
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